Posts Tagged ‘reflection API’

Accessing Private Members of a Java class using Reflection

Somebody asked me that, “Can we access private members of a Java Class?

Then I got the idea to write this article, because Java Reflection API provides a feature to access private members of a Java Class.

java.lang.reflect package provides the AccessibleObject class that is parent class of Constructor, Method, and Field class. Using the AccessibleObject class, we can change the access control flags of a Reflection Object (Reflection is a feature in the Java programming language. It allows an executing Java program to examine or “introspect” upon itself, and manipulate internal properties of the program. For example, it’s possible for a Java class to obtain the names of all its members and display them.), and the setAccessible(boolean) method is used to change the access control flag of an Object.

package test;

/**

* @author girish.gaurav

*

*/

class DemoClass {

private int privateInt = 10;

private String privateString = “temp String”;

private long privateLong = 1234567890L;

private void resetFields(int i, String s, long l) {

privateInt = i;

privateString = s;

privateLong = l;

}

public void display() {

System.out.println(“Int = ” + privateInt);

System.out.println(“String = ” + privateString);

System.out.println(“Long = ” + privateLong);

}

}

class Test {

/**

* @param args

*/

public static void main(String[] args) {

DemoClass obj = new DemoClass();

obj.display();

Class clazz = obj.getClass();

try {

Field intField = clazz.getDeclaredField(“privateInt”);

Field strField = clazz.getDeclaredField(“privateString”);

Field longField = clazz.getDeclaredField(“privateLong”);

intField.setAccessible(true);

strField.setAccessible(true);

longField.setAccessible(true);

System.out.println(“value of privateInt field is : ” + intField.get(obj));

System.out.println(“value of privateString field is : ” + strField.get(obj));

System.out.println(“value of privateLong field is : ” + longField.get(obj));

intField.set(obj, 100);

strField.set(obj, “this is new string”);

longField.set(obj, 55555L);

obj.display();

} catch (SecurityException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

try {

Method method = clazz.getDeclaredMethod(“resetFields”, int.class, String.class, long.class);

method.setAccessible(true);

method.invoke(obj, 25, “new String from resetField method.”, 987654321L);

obj.display();

} catch (SecurityException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

} catch (InvocationTargetException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

}

}